The mazurka is a Polish folk
dance. Several classical composers have written examples, with the best known
Fryderyk Chopin's for solo piano. In the 1920s, Karol Szymanowski wrote a set of
twenty for piano. The Polish national anthem is a mazurka.
In Swedish folk music, the quaver or eight-note polska has a similar rhythm as the mazurka, and the two dances have a common origin.
The dance was also common as a popular dance in the United States in the late 19th century In the U.S. Southern States it was sometimes known as a Mazuka.