The sardana (plural sardanes) is a type of circle dance typical of
There are two main types, the original sardana curta (short sardana) style and
the more modern sardana llarga (large sardana), which is more popular. Other
more unusual sardanes are the sardana de llu´ment and the sardana revessa.
Nobody knows when the sardana originated, but it has been popular since the 16th
century. Some believe the sardana is two thousand years old, but such theories
have few adherents.
Music for the sardana is played by a cobla or band, consisting of 12 instruments
played by 11 musicians. Four of these instruments (tenora, tible, flaviol and
tamborÝ) are typical Catalan instruments; the others are more conventional.
The music of the sardana (m˙sica de cobla) can be played alone or in a group.
There are lots of lyrics for sardana music, but only instrumental versions are
used for dancing.
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