The çifteli (above right) has a pear-shaped sound bowl that is carved out of a single piece of wood. It has two strings tuned in fourths, and is fretted in a diatonic scale with partial flats that produce an Albanian "natural" scale:

do - re - mi (partial flat) - fa - sol - la (partial flat) - ti (flat) - do

Solo çifteli players may use very complex techniques. When played in an ensemble with multiple instruments, the playing technique is more simplified to achieve a unified sound.

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