The gardon is an ancient stringed percussion instrument of the Székelys of Csík and Csángós of Gyimes. Gauged like a trough from one piece of beech, maple or willow wood, its shape resembles a cello. The three strings tuned to one tone are hammered with a stick, while a thinner string is plucked simultaneously so that it recoils on the finger board. It sounds like the double bottom kettle drum. Together with the violin the gardon is used to make dance music. The band has two members: the husband plays the violin, the wife hits the gardon.
The orchestra the Csángoes of
Gyimes consisted of two instruments: the violin and the accompanying beaten
gardon. Gouged from one piece of wood in the same manner as a trough, and
resembling a cello in shape, the beaten gardon is actually used as a percussion
instrument. The strings tuned to one tone are hammered with a stick, while the
thinner string is plucked simultaneously so that it recoils on the finger board
with a sound like that of a drum. In old Hungarian dance music the
double-buttoned drum was frequently used to accompany dancing, and it is still
used in this way among the peoples of the Balkans. The gardon sounds like the
downbeat and upbeat notes of the drum beaten with a club and cane, but it is
used to accompany the violin.