Gusle

 

 

 

Gusle is an very old instrument played all over the Serb lands. Its songs were basic and often the only way to hand down traditions and memory of Serb people during the rule of foreigners.

stringed musical instrument of the Balkans, with a round wooden back, a skin belly, and one horsehair string (or, rarely, two) secured at the top of the neck by a rear tuning peg. It is played in a vertical position, with a deeply curved bow. It has no fingerboard, the string being stopped by the sideways pressure of the player's fingers. Gusle players or Guslari are among the few performers continuing the oral tradition of epic poetry. Most of their songs are about the era of Turkish rule and were handed down by teachers or older singers. Because the narratives are orally transmitted, variation in content is inevitable.

Najzastupljenija tradicijska glazbala na području dalmatinskog zaleđa su gusle, svirale i diple. Gusle su kordofono glazbalo kod kojeg se ton dobiva povlačenjem gudala preko nategnute žice. Izrađene su od drva, a sastoje se od zvučnog tijela, vrata i glave. Preko zvučnog tijela navučena je životinjska (obično jareća) koža, na sredini koje je probušena rupa radi bolje zvučnosti glazbala, a duž cijelog tijela i vrata napete su jedna ili dvije strune od konjskog repa. Gudalo je napravljeno od tankog i čvrstog komada prirodno zakrivljene grane preko koje je napeta konjska dlaka

 

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